You might have seen a yogi in meditation with hands positioned in a specific shape. You notice the position of their hands and wonder – Why Do They Have Both Hands Positioned This Way? Yes! It does look a bit intriguing but it has its purpose. In the yogic lifestyle, this hand gesture is known as a yoga mudra.
You do a Yoga Mudra with the intention of directing the flow of the sacred Prana energy for different purposes, whether that be healing your body or calming the mind. Read further to know everything about Yoga Mudras and how these impact your body and mind.
Yoga Mudras – A Basic Introduction
Do you know that your hands also contain each of the five elements? Yes! Your thumb has the fire element, the indexed finger represents air, the middle finger represents space, the ring finger represents earth, and the pink finger represents the Water element.
Confused? Don’t worry, yoga experts have come up with an explanation on how you can use hand gestures to control these five elements and enjoy good health.
As per the ancient science of Ayurveda, if any of these elements gets misbalanced, your body gets imbalanced too. Add to that, there are some elements that do not match and work together like fire and water. This is where Yoga Mudra Asanas can help maintain that balance.
However, for you to reap maximum benefits from Yoga Mudras, you should always combine these with a seated yoga pose or proper breathwork.
With that said, given below are five yoga mudras that you can incorporate into daily yoga practice.
Powerful Yoga Mudras
Below are five of the most common yoga mudra, their meaning, and how you can practice them.
1. Padma Mudra (Lotus Mudra)
The Lotus flower is also a yogic symbol. It denotes how beauty can grow even in the darkest of places. In the Sanskrit language, the word the Padma refers to Lotus and this yoga mudra represents purity and perseverance of the lotus flower.
Steps To Practice Lotus Mudra
- Bring the heels of your hands together with both thumbs resting near the heart center.
- Draw your pinky finger to touch them away from the heart center.
- Separate all other fingers and open your palms just like a blossoming lotus flower.
2. Jaya Mudra (Victory Mudra)
This yoga mudra represents the completion or ending of something. In the Sanskrit language, the word Jaya means victory. You practice this hand gesture when celebrating an achievement or a big success in your life.
Steps to Practice Jaya Mudra
- Bring your arms overhead.
- Bend both the elbows wide and bring your hands together in a prayer pose.
- Relax your shoulders and breathe.
3. Dhyana Mudra (Meditation Mudra)
Dhyana is a vital step of the eight-limbed path of yoga as per Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras. It is the final step before you attain enlightenment. The Dhyana yoga mudra is used during meditation as it promotes concentration and healing.
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Steps To Practice Dhyana Mudra
- Get into a comfortable seated position. Keep both hands facing upwards.
- Bring your left palm on top of your right palm and tough both thumbs.
- Rest your hands in your lap or keep them in the naval center.
4. Kali Mudra (Power Mudra)
Named after the goddess of destruction, the Kali Mudra represents strength and empowerment. You should practice this hand gesture to develop strength and feel empowered during the yoga practice.
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Steps To Practice Kali Mudra
- Interlace your fingers together except the thumb and index fingers.
- Connect your index fingers to touch. Point them in the upward direction.
- Cross your thumbs at the heart center.
- Gently press into your sternum.
5. Abhaya Mudra (Fearless Mudra)
In the Sanskrit language, the word Abhaya means fearlessness. This yoga mudra is excellent when you want to remove fear and remain protected. Abhaya Mudra teaches you patience and humility both of which are required to continue a yoga practice.
Steps To Practice Abhaya Mudra
- Raise both arms out and towards the sides of your body.
- Bend your elbows to bring your hands to shoulder height.
- Connect the fingers to touch and turn your palms in the same direction as your face.
To unlock your true potential, you should include yoga mudra practice in daily yoga sessions. These help you find true peace and calm which occurs from within. Yoga experts recommend that you join a certified yoga school to learn everything about this powerful yoga technique.
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