What Causes Dry Throat, and How Is It Treated?

irritated throats

Dry, scratchy, or irritated throats are common symptoms during winter when the air is drying out and upper respiratory infections are increasing. Dry throats are usually a sign that there is something more serious, such as dryness in the air or a cold.

Taking a look at the symptoms of the dry throat can help you determine the cause and whether or not to contact your doctor. Continue reading to learn more.

1. Dehydration

Dryness in the throat could simply mean that you have not had enough water. Your body produces less saliva to moisten your throat and mouth when you are dehydrated.

Also, dehydration can lead to:

  • Dry mouth
  • Increased thirst
  • You have darker urine and less urine than normal
  • Fatigue
  • dizziness

There are many treatment options

Extra fluids are recommended throughout the day. There are many recommendations on how much fluid to drink, but the honest average is 15.5 cups for men and 11.5 for women.

This fluid is found in fruits, vegetables, and other foods around 20%.

Hydration is important, so make sure to drink water and sports drinks. Avoid caffeinated sodas, and occasionally, as they can cause your body to lose more water.

2. Sleeping with your mouth open

You could have xerostomia or simply roll in the hay with your mouth open every morning. The saliva normally kept your throat and mouth moist by saliva is dried up by the air.

Also, mouth breathing can lead to:

  • Bad breath
  • Snoring
  • Daytime fatigue

Snoring could be an indicator of obstructive sleep apnea, which is a condition where your breathing stops at night.

Mouth breathing can also be caused by chronic allergies or congestion from colds.

There are many treatment options

Apply an adhesive strip to your bridge to prevent congestion or sinus problems. Get an adhesive nose strip today. Your doctor may recommend an oral appliance to reposition your jaw or continuous positive pressure (CPAP), therapy to keep air flowing through your airways at night.

3. Pollinosis/Allergies

Hay fever is also known as seasonal allergies. It’s caused by an overreaction of your system to otherwise harmless substances in the environment.

These are some common allergy triggers:

  • grass
  • pollen
  • pet dander
  • Mold
  • dust mites

Your system releases chemicals known as histamines when it senses one of your triggers.

These symptoms can include:

  • stuffed, runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Itchy eyes, lips, or skin
  • Cough

Your nose congestion may make it difficult to breathe. This can dry out your throat. The additional mucus can also drip down your throat, a condition called a symptom. This will cause your throat to feel sore. There are many treatment options. Avoid triggers as much as possible to prevent allergic reactions. It’s going to be useful to:

  • During allergy season, keep your windows shut and the air conditioner on.
  • Dust mite-proof bed covers Buy one here.
  • Your sheets and other bedding should be washed weekly in a predicament
  • To remove dust mites, vacuum your carpets and mud the floors.
  • Make sure to get rid of any mold.
  • Pets should not be allowed in your bedroom.

These treatments can also be used to control allergies symptoms:

  • antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • allergy shots
  • eye allergy drops

4. Cold

Common infections that can be caused by viruses include the common cold. Your throat may feel dry and scratchy due to the infection.

These symptoms are even possible:

  • stuffed, runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Body aches
  • Mild fever

There are many treatment options

Most colds last for a few days. A chilly will not be treated with antibiotics because they only kill bacteria and not viruses.

These remedies can help you feel better and get over your cold.

To relieve pharyngitis or other body aches, you can use an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen(Tylenol), or ibuprofen [Advil]). You can also try a throat lozenge. Get some here.

  • Warm liquids like broth or hot tea are recommended.
  • Mix 1/2 teaspoon salt and warm water to make a paste.
  • To relieve a stuffy nose, you can use a nasal spray that decongestants. You can get one here.
  • To keep your mouth and throat hydrated and to prevent dehydration, drink more fluids
  • Take many breaks.
  • To moisten your air, turn on the humidifier.

5. Flu

Influenza may also be known as a respiratory illness. The flu is a type of cold. Flu symptoms are more severe than a cold.

  • You’ll also have a scratchy, sore throat.
  • Fièvre
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • stuffy, runny nose
  • Muscle aches
  • Kopfschmerz
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea and vomiting

The flu can lead to serious complications in children and older adults with chronic conditions or weak systems. The flu can cause complications such as:

  • pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • Sinus infections
  • Ear infections
  • Asthma attacks in those with asthma

There are many treatment options

  • The use of antiviral drugs can help reduce the flu symptoms and decrease the time that you are sick. To get the best results, you must start taking these medications within 48 hours of the onset of your symptoms. These are some ways to relieve pharyngitis symptoms and other symptoms while you’re still sick.
  • Rest until your symptoms improve.
  • You can eat a throat lozenge.
  • Mix 1/2 teaspoon salt and warm water to make a paste.
  • To lower your fever and relieve aches, you can take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen or Advil.
  • Warm fluids such as tea or broth are recommended.

6. Acid reflux or GERD

Gastroesophageal acid reflux disease (GERD), is a condition where acid copies from your stomach to your esophageal pipe, which carries food from the stomach to your mouth. Acid reflux is the backup of acid. Acid burns your esophagus liner, causing symptoms such as:

  • Heartburn is a burning sensation in the chest.
  • trouble swallowing
  • Dry cough
  • burping up sour liquid
  • hoarse voice
  • It can cause burning or pain in your throat if the acid reaches your throat.

There are many treatment options

GERD can be treated with:

  • Antibiotics such as Maalox, Mylanta, and Rolaids can be used to neutralize stomach acid.
  • To reduce stomach acid production, H2 inhibitors such as cimetidine and famotidine are used (Tagamet HB)
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as lansoprazole 24 (Prevacid 24), and omeprazole 24 (Prilosec), are used to stop acid production

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